Sector diagnosis studies

The project provides technical assistance to the Secretariat of Energy, Government of Argentina for the development of a National Energy Efficiency Plan, based on:

A detailed compilation of energy efficiency measures and policies, classified by energy savings, potential and profitability;
Diagnostic studies that analyze the potential of Energy Efficiency and the barriers to Energy Efficiency measures in different sectors.


The general objective of a sectoral diagnosis study is to achieve the characterization of the productive sectors (and their disaggregation into subsectors), to know their energy consumption (by source type), the identification of energy efficiency potentials and measures to be taken based on the information we have available.

Sectors to be analized:

Primary sector of the economy

  • Agriculture, cattle raising, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing.
  • Mining
  • Oil and Natural Gas Production

Manufacturing industry

  • Food and beverages
  • Textile products, clothing manufacturing and leather
  • Wood and furniture
  • Paper and printing
  • Petroleum refining and nuclear energy fuel production
  • Production of Chemical products
  • Metals and other mineral products
  • Machinery and equipment production
  • Production of automotive vehicles, trailers and transport equipment.
  • Recycling

Trade and other services

  • Supply of electricity, natural gas, water
  • Construction
  • Trading
  • Hotels and restaurants
  • Transport
  • Public Administration, Teaching, Social and Health Services.

At the same time, diagnosis studies will be made for some specific branches comprised by the above-listed sectors.

Agriculture, cattle raising, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing.
  • Corn
  • Wheat
  • Lemon
  • Sugar cane
  • Vine
  • Cattle raising
  • Swine production
  • Avian production
  • Fishing
  • Forestry
Food and beverages
  • Oils Production
  • Sugar production
  • Production of breweries
  • Refrigerators
  • Dairy production
Metals and other mineral products
  • Iron and Steel Production
  • Aluminum Production
  • Cement production
  • Glass Production
  • Production of Red Ceramic

The diagnosis and prospective studies of the 19 sectors and corresponding sub-sectors provide valuable inputs for:

A. the construction of the socio-economic scenario (necessary for the preparation of an energy prospective)
B. the evaluation of the Energy Efficiency potential of each sector
C. the identification of the energy efficiency measures to be implemented.

Stages in the development of the sectoral diagnosis studies

Preparation of a pre-diagnosis made based on secondary information and bibliographic sources in order to achieve a first approach to the sector analysis and serve as a basis for subsequent validation. The prediagnosis includes:
A description of the techno-productive state of the value chain and intra-sector heterogeneity degree (recent evolution and year 2017/2018).
Contribution to the National Accounts
Evolution of the activity and trade balance
Diagnosis of the technological and energy state of the value chain
Comparison with the situation registered in other countries (benchmarking and best practices)
Positive and negative aspects of the recent energy situation.

Interviews with representative sectorial chambers and companies to validate the pre-diagnoses with representatives of the sectors and to have access to primary information from the same stakeholders. Likewise, a forecast of the medium and long-term prospects of the sector will be made in order to have a prospective that will serve as input for the National Plan.

Workshops with the stakeholders in order to validate measures and identify transversal or individual barriers that affect the sectors involved.

The BNEU is of fundamental importance for the sector diagnoses, as it will confirm how each sector consumes energy and it will help elaborate energy intensity indicators that will serve for the elaboration of the final sector diagnosis.

Final sector diagnosis.



Within the framework of the National Energy Efficiency Plan, theoretical savings potentials for the 19 sectors will be estimated through technological changes and consumption patterns, especially in comparison with the situation of similar sectors in more advanced countries. Subsequently, energy efficiency measures will be established.

Energy consumption in the manufacturing industry

In an exclusive work for Argentina, preliminary estimates have been made of the energy consumption by type of source from the manufacturing industry by sector. The first data, calculated for the year 2017, cover more than 75% of the total assigned by the National Energy Balance (BEN) for the industry in that same year.

Energy consumption in the manufacturing industry according to the type of source –2017

"Source: Project elaborated, based on data input from CAMMESA, ENARGAS, Business reports and sectoral chambers reports, BEN"

Sectoral structure of the energy consumption in the manufacturing industry

"Source: Project elaborated, based on data input from CAMMESA, ENARGAS, Business reports and sectoral chambers reports, BEN"