As a supporting tool in the elaboration of a proposal for the National Energy Efficiency Plan in Argentina (PlanEEAr), national and international experts in charge of the European project “Energy Efficiency in Argentina” analyzed the experience in energy efficiency policies of several countries in Latin America and the European Union.
The analysis made it possible to identify some relevant aspects to consider when elaborating the PlanEEAr proposal. Among the main enabling conditions, the following are mentioned: the creation of specific institutions for the promotion of energy efficiency; the commitment at high levels of energy policy; the recognition of the importance that the promotion of efficiency can have due to its environmental impact and socio-economic development potential; the existence of a global energy plan or strategy that acts as a framework for specific energy efficiency plans or actions; the existence of a general legal framework or energy efficiency law that underpins and frames actions; and, above all, the need to have a reliable information system as a basis for the plan's decisions.
Many countries mentioned the existence of some key barriers in different sectors, highlighting: the lack of information for decision making by private actors; the lack of awareness on the subject of energy efficiency at different decision-making levels; the impacts that the high costs of some efficient technological alternatives have on the decision to invest; financing problems; issues regarding internal capacities.
Other countries established the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards/MEPs and certifications in the residential sector. In the industrial sector, the most promoted instruments have been the SGEn/Energy Management Systems accompanied by training strategies and information provision. In the transport sector, the MEPs, regulations and labeling have worked best accompanied by fiscal incentives and, above all, by scrap metal schemes.
This document of analysis of international experience served to identify at least 17 points to consider to prepare the proposal of PlanEEAr. You can read the document on “International experience in the development of energy efficiency plans and actions” on our website: https://www.eficienciaenergetica.net.ar/img_publicaciones/10111112_01-Experienciainternacional-LeccionesaprendidasparaelPlanEEAr.pdf