Within the framework of the Energy Efficiency Project in Argentina financed by the European Union, the Pilot Test of a National Transport Survey was carried out with the objective of developing the Balance of Useful Energy of the sector.
For that, an interception point was selected where 300 surveys were conducted and tests were made in terns of statistical design, the counting and selection of vehicles to be surveyed and the evaluation of the non-response rate. This took place at the Shell service station located at 3700 San Martin Street in the city of Rosario, Santa Fe Province.
This study seeks to: a) Obtain a characterization of the vehicle in terms of type, year of production, fuel used and type of use (private, commercial, general / cargo, passengers); b) Relieve information about the current and previous fuel load, and the mileage between both charges; c) Obtain the total mileage of the vehicle; d) Record the travel and place of residence of the respondent.
The total Survey, with a sample size of 45,000 vehicles, will be conducted face-to-face and all drivers who load fuel at the selected stations will be interviewed based on a probabilistic, multi-stage and stratified sample over a period of five months.
The field operation was disaggregated at country level into four large domains, the first three involving large metropolitan areas of different population range and the last at strategic points of the main routes in Argentina.
It is carried out by the Regional Infrastructure Program for the Integration of the National University of Rosario, which has been the beneficiary of this contracting through a bidding process.
This work aims to obtain indicators that contribute to dimensioning the demand for fuels by motor vehicles, with valid results nationwide.
The information resulting from the survey will be a fundamental input for the development of energy models, planning and subsequent implementation of public policies on Energy Efficiency with a high social, economic and environmental impact.
What is National Useful Energy Balance?
The National Useful Energy Balance (BNEU) is a balance derived from the Final Energy Balance, which accounts for energy flows, and considers the lower calorific value of energy sources, from the primary supply to the useful energy recovered by the final consumer at the exit of their consumer devices, thus suggesting the losses suffered in the different phases of the energy chain (production, transport, transformation and consumption).
The BNEU allows to know what energy sources the different sectors consume (Industrial, Residential and Transportation), what it is consumed for (uses and equipment) and how it is consumed (forms of consumption and energy efficiency), providing fundamental information at national and provincial level, and thus developing public policies that contribute to improving efficiency in each of the energy consuming sectors.
This methodology has been developed and applied in several countries of the region by the Bariloche Foundation.