The general objective of a sector diagnosis is to achieve the characterization of the productive sectors in order to know their energy consumption, identify potential savings and evaluate effective measures and instruments to implement.
Within the framework of this cooperation project, we are developing a proposal for a National Energy Efficiency Plan (PlanEEAr) that will include efficiency goals, strategic lines, and promotional instruments to achieve the set objectives.
This proposal focuses on three sectors of the economy, which have been selected for their energy, social and environmental importance, namely: i) Residential, ii) Transport, iii) the Manufacturing Industry.
The proper configuration of a plan is mainly based on the development of energy and economic diagnoses that allow identifying the main problems of the system to improve its energy efficiency, in productive sectors linked to energy consumption (primary sectors, services / commerce, transport and industry manufacturing) and in sectors that supply it through the productive chains of the energy industry (oil, gas, electricity, etc.).
Through an exhaustive work methodology, we prepared initial pre-diagnoses based on secondary information and bibliographic sources to achieve a first approach to the analysis of the sector. Subsequently, sector chambers and representative companies were interviewed to approve the pre-diagnoses and have primary information. Lastly, workshops were organized with these actors to finish validating and identifying cross-sectional or individual measures and barriers that affect the sectors involved.
In addition, we carryed out a cross-sectional analysis of the branches of the manufacturing sector. The Manufacturing industry represents approximately 22% of national energy consumption. For this reason, it has been established as a priority sector. Given that there is no systematic energy information on the different activities of the industrial sector, diagnoses were made for some significant branches / products, studying the recent evolution of their economies, and their productive technical characteristics, which allowed them to approach the knowledge and particularities of their energy consumption, and compare them with international levels. This document summarizes some of the results achieved, synthesizing them in an analysis of multiple criteria that allows us to begin to discuss which branches / industrial products would be most relevant to the PlanEEar proposal.
The development of this work was coordinated mainly by researchers from the Bariloche Foundation: the Principal Expert Daniel Bouille, the Coordinator and Vice-President of the institution, Hilda Dubrovsky, and the Energy Expert Gustavo Nadal.
In addition, several sector specialists collaborated in elaborating each of the documents, namely: Dr. Nicolas Di Sbroiavacca (Oil and Gas Sectors), Lic. Alberto Müller (Transportation Sector), Lic. Haroldo Montagu (Manufacturing Sectors), Ing. Karina Íñiguez (Primary sectors) and Dr. Carlos Octtinger (Petrochemical Sector), among others.
These documents are the result of a great effort, in which top-level professionals from different disciplines, representatives of productive sectors from all over the country and business chambers and authorities from the energy, production, environment and transportation portfolios have been involved both at national and provincial level.
We invite you to read the Sector Diagnoses and send us your comments: